The first issue of the Albanian stamp consolidated the postal service of Albanian indentitity , which has always been the expretion part of our national identity. It was a long and beautiful way, the stamp is one of our a valuable asset. .As anadequate overview of the Albanian people History, it has always hasit unique and uninterant face,it is a authentic self portrait. This portrait began to be designed immediately after the major Act of the Declaration of Independence on 28 November 1912.Initially, the creation of an Albanian Indipendent State, under the circumstances on which the administration of Ismail Qemali Government was, the Ottoman posts continued to exist. There were the same employees,which used the Turkish stamps and seals until May 1913.
Things came to normality starting from 5 May 1913, when it was issued and launched the first Albanian stamps. The Ismail QemalGovernment,having in its composition as Minister of Post the intellectual Lef Nosi, paid a special attention to their activity generally and specifically to the issue of stamps. Only in a few months of its existence, on July 71913, the Provisional Government of Vlora applied for the membership in the Universal Postal Union, the realization of which lasted more than eight years. Just in October 1922 Albania joined the UPU.In this way, starting from a very big need for postage at the beginning of the Albanian State, Ministry of Posts made a more effective and practical solution.Within an eight-month period, from March to December 1913 were issued six stamps programs.
The first editions, or the first stamp, were conducted approximately six months after the declaration of independence. It was not common, as are currently stamps,but it has the form of a stamp in black ink, which was printed in 2232 envelopes in total.This stamp-seal an envelope with different colors and cost one penny was issued on sale in 11 towns where post offices functioned raised during the Ottoman occupation. It was launched on 5 May 1913.It was alsoa characteristic thing the original seal which was cut from the original envelops and was placed in other new envelopes , and this was a known procedure and justified by the Ministry of Posts.
The firstedition is similar to the second one, although somehow more perfect.Again we are dealing with a single stamp seal, with a circle with two concentric circles within which it is written, "The Posts of the Provisional Albanian Government ".Its price is not written on the mark, but has also been known to one penny.This program was circulated in May-November 1913.As well as printed on the envelope (2442 pieces), this stamp was printed in sheets of white (800 pieces).She circulated the sewing machine cut and paste on the envelope recently. The second stamp was forged in some cases different from speculators. Extremely interesting, even as one of the most diverse in the history of philately is our third issue.Not surprisingly it is among the most wanted by philatelists.This program was used in post offices from 16 June to 20 October 1913.To Albanian Post took a considerable amount of stamps invading Ottoman administration of years 1909-1910 (total 39800 stamps), which had not been used.Over them, through a manual stamp copper settled the overprinting: a two-headed eagle and under the word "Albania". Their values started from 2 to 50 piastres before, and print runs of 16 pieces (50 piastër) up to 11 607 pieces (circulation highest value 20 money).
The edition was already very low, especially for some of the values of these stamps rarity linked with different colors overprinting:black (dominant color), blue, red, brickand violet.This edition, first of gummy, thanks to the conditions of the time when it was put into circulation, there were also a lot of mistakes, especially after the overprinting cases, which required many philatelists of the foreign country. As in all other states the Albanian philately has been closely linkedand has been part of the culture and history.This clearly proves the period between the two world wars. This period is reflected in philately with its specific properties. Among them we can mention for example, the limited number of emissions emitted in the years 1914-1919, during the First World War. Mostly they have been local stamp shows in Shkodra, Korca, Berat, Vlore, Gjirokastra, Tepelenë, Himara, Elbasan etc.Issued and variety programs took warring powers of the First World War who invaded Albania.These programs circulated along with dated stamps bearing writings in these languages occupying powers.Not surprisingly, but given the many curiosities, I mention this period of history and issue postage stamps from Durres Provisional Government, led by Esat Pasha Toptani.
After the leave of Prince Wilhelm, from October 2, 1914, Esat Pasha formed the Provisional Government of Durres.At this time post offices were closed, the postal service performed Levantine outposts of the Austrian and Italian.This situation forced the Esat Pasha on January 9 1915 celi post offices in Durres, Elbasan, Shijak Lezha, Kavaja. Was originally used in portrait Skanderbeg stamps, the value in qindar and in front of the penny, which was found in Durrësit station.They were overprinted with face of Esat Pasha. The program consists of 9 values as postage, 5 values as tax stamps, overprinted with a "T" and two simple postal card 5 and 10 before.Certainly this amount did not meet the requirements of stamps for a long time.Therefore, the Government of Esat Pasha decided to put into circulation two programs "Tarabosh", commissioned since 1913 by the Classis of Central Albania.There were 12 value, of which 7 format 27x30 mm and5 format 27x34 mm.These stamps, which also have as a myhyr overprinted round with Arabic letters, were used, starting from 10 February 1915 in East Albania, in Berat even in Korce.
After these shows, should come the year 1919 to bring to light some other interesting programs: Envelope with " Finance Office in Elbasan", circulation 500 copies, which was launched during the month of January 1919, local emissions in Shkodra with the overprinted fiscal stamps Austro-Hungarian administration, who were able to finance offices in Shkodra, and 1 penny stamps 1919 emission with the overprinting in oval form “Shkoder 1919". In the following period there are year like 1921, 1926, 1932, 1935, 1936, when it was broadcast any program. Also, besides the small number of programs, is also characteristic thematic narrowness.The politic remains the dominating subject. Following the tradition of other countries in stamps began to appear more and morethe portrait of King Ahmet Zogu, (in the period up to 1939 stamps are most of his portrait), while the Italian invasion highlights often the face of Victor Emmanuel III. With special interest and that somehow overcome this tightness thematic stamps were airborne.By having a fixed image plane, they showed that the served airmail, what warrant the high fees they had.
So Albanian Philately 1913-1944 period, as we pointed out above, is quite interesting.Here we can mention a few programs that are not doing very rare: gold envelopes with postage stamp with the face of Skanderbeg, the envelope with the seal of the Office of Finance of Elbasan, envelope seal Tepelenës envelope with the stamp of Portland, the Gothic show the overprinting "MBR. Albanian"Control stamps Provisional Committee of Korca, the 19 March 1915 edition dedicated to raising the flag on the fortress of Shkodra, those Greek invasion, Italian and German, especially the emission of 14 September 1943 which particularly stands out for the variety of errors etc..
The show "14 September 1943" coincides with the date of the meeting of the Constituent Assembly, which justified the Albanian quisling stateSeries consists of 14 stamps of the years 1939-1940, of which 13 ordinary values and 1 express, with overprint of "September 14, 1943".It was launched on September 18, 1943 in Tirana station, but no earlier than two days of her detention was ordered after about 23 errors were found in the 153 overprint value. As such it is accepted date 23 October 1943, adopted by the UPU it has, it is simultaneously also the day when the mail window reappeared on sale show Tirana. In other cities of Albania, this show was outstanding during the month of November 1943, which is proved by philatelist’s different envelopes that have in their collections.An attractive picture for philately is the period after the release of Albania and up to 90 years of the twentieth century.It is known especially for programs took abundance (average 10 shows per year), the most diverse topics than before, for a report somehow right among the topics that foreign national, for multiple views at every show etc..Stamps are generally politicized and ideological.There emissions repeated every five years for certain events historical marker, as there are very large circulation levels.A careful lookhas no difficulty to discern that in this period is enriched with thematic programs of flora and fauna, the sport, the art (works of art stamps to view paintings and sculptures), from archeology etc...But it is also a fact that there are little official Envelopes FDC and postcards
After the overprinting was made at the end of 1944 and beginning of 1945 onwards, on 28November in 1945, Post administration put in circulation three views of six values, with different colors with the words "Democratic Government of Albania".Later this program was made four consecutive overprint .The first overprinting bearing the date 10 January 1946, the second 1 July 1946, the third of 26 July 1946 and the fourth of 22 February 1948.These emissions will be followed by many others dedicated to specific events in the history of our people or anniversaries of distinguished figures, railroads building materials, space flight, the Olympic Games etc..
Until 1957 stamps were printed outside of Albania.After this year they were printed on our printing houses.It is the case here to remember with respect and gratitude to the first printer Albanian stamps specializing in Germany, Sadik Dinga and to Sulejman Maci.
In the last decade, beginning after 1990, then the democratic process, besides the obvious oscillations of the first years of transition 91, 92, 93,serious efforts have been made by the State Commission of Stamps and the Department ofAlbanian Post Stamp avoided the politicization of stamps, the quality of their publishing is better,after being printed in Switzerland and Greece, and from now on will be printed in England.Also generally are held indicator for optimal print runs of stamps, launched by needs and their collecting.Characteristic of this period is even the fact that almost every issue associated with the emission of FDC envelope, stamped with the special seal.This has made the philatelists, locals and foreign, to increase interest in the collection of these envelopes. Actually the Albanian catalog ofpostage stamps counts more then 3640 different stampsviews. More attention is the considering to the national themes occupied the greatest place in the new editions issueof AlbanianIt is worth mentioning its dignified appearance as by qualitative, compositional and introducing of new elements such as philatelic Carnets one and two series, the first day envelopes with graphic sketches, folders of different sizes, annual albums philatelic etc..
A new element is theideation and philatelic production libretto for the show “Albanian Emblems ", which contains four series of stamps with relevant explanations for each emblem presented. There have been significant improvements and ways of composition in the form of new and practical representationally emissions Albanian stamps.
Emissions are presented in the tray with 8,9,10,12,16,20 and 25 stamps in a sheet. Many emissions are composed nicely shaped block where we presented all the sights of a show such as cycle editions the "national costume", "old Albanian bridges", "rock art in Albania", "Berat, a museum town protected by UNESCO and interior environments such as homes feature show" Albanian Chimneys ".In this context is the and cycle editions for children with the most famous figures in the cartoons.
Prominent national figures have occupied an important place by reminding patriotic, writers, clerics, politicians, artists, athletes, etc...Emissions "Flora" and "Fauna" of our country themes are present in the recent years and are beautifully presented by our painters.The same commitment is shown for events, activities and prominent international figures which occupies an important place in the program cycle "Europe".
The theme of this emission is the oriented by PostEurop administration.Quite interesting are the emissions of prominent world figures ranging from political figures, scientists, writers, musicians, painters, etc.A special attention it is given to the main international events that occurin the world, we can mentioned here the stamps issues for the UN, Council of Europe, NATO, UNICEF, UNHCR, etc.The world sports activities are part of our editions such as the European Championships, World, etc…Improvement of appearance of the compositional of the stamps is the result of the work of a of new painters staff that participate painters along with the voice in the implementation of the stamps.
Of particular importance is the production and the return postage stamp in Albania since 2007 with standard and very good quality.During these years several emissions important issue for our nation as Emission dedicated to the visit of U.S. President George W. Bush on 10 June 2007, Green House "Albania in NATO, 3 April 2008" with an invitation for membership of Albania in NATO, the "Visa-free Europe" on the occasion of visa liberalization for Albania.
With many historical value and cooperation is the joint emission Albania-Kosovo-Macedonia dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Mother TeresaOver these years there have been a further development of technology applications for the production of stamps and increase its quality. In 2012 were issued many important emissions such as the "100-years of independence (Logo)", "100th Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence", 100-year anniversary of the Albanian Army ", 100-year anniversary of the Post-Telegraph-phones" these stamps are 100 mile stones of our nation's history.Also in the context of cooperation was realized a carnet Albania-Kosovo-Macedonia on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the declaration of independence.In the framework of the celebrations of the 100th anniversary of Independence of the Republic of Albania Embassy in the UK in conjunction with the exhibition organized by the Albanian Post stamps.
This exhibition was organized in the premises of the embassy with a broad participation where there was a tremendous interest from representatives of the diplomatic corps, historians, scholars, academics, philatelists and collectors of British and Anglo-Albanian representatives Assocation oldest association in the United Kingdom and friends and guests Albanian-British.Greeting speech was held by the Charge d'affaires of the Republic of Albania in the UK Z.Mal Berisha. The participants attended the first anniversary knobs of independence anniversaries of the Albanian League of Prizren, 800 th anniversary of the state of Eve, emissions of Mother Teresa, for Ledy Dajanen, the Albanian national costumes of different emblems or anniversaries, the exhibition remained open until the first days of December 2012 and was visited by many scholars, collectors, philatelists, friends and fans the Albanian postage stamp.
On 5 May 2013 the Albanian postal stamps celebrates 100 years, a long intenerar since the first moments of the first issue of postage stamps the Albanian.On this occasion emission was issued "The 100th anniversary of the first postage stamp the Albanian" which is composed of one series with two views, the first day Envelope and Carnet.Furthermore was opened a joint exhibition with the Association of Collectors of Albania where Albanian Post roadmap reflected Albanian postage stamp collectors of 100 years and reflected their collections with specific themes such as air mail, Maximum kart, FDC's traveled, the exhibition were also opened in Fier, Shkodra and Korca are major centers of philately and Albanian districts.
Through the Albanian postal stamp philately which is Albanian Post has participated in many international activities and philatelic stamps which is the exposed to ions and shown a special interest and being evaluated by different magazines and catalogs.
The first philatelists Albanians belong to the period of renaissance. Among them will mention Renaissance Thimi Mitko, Sami Frashëri, Ndoc Toptani Murat, later Luigj Gurakuqi and especially the notorious Lef Nosi, The first Minister of Posts of the Albanian state, which has particular merits in conception and issuance of stamps the Albanian.In his honor the Albanian Philately issued stamps with the portrait of Lef Nosi.
The philately took a huge development in Albania in the years between the two world wars. The gleanings from the documents show that in this period of time were the first to lager shops selling stamps as in Shkodra, Korca and Tirana.At press time facing numerous occasions advertising for sale of stamps, among which the most prominent traders can mention Prenushi Zef in Shkodra, who distinguished himself as a talented merchant and connoisseur of postage stamps as competent professionals.Also,we can mention that Albanian filatelistin the dealer in Turin, Italy, Aurel Ballamacin that held for 40 years on a philatelic shop in the city center.Obviously the number of philatelists in Albania has been and is limited their efforts to reach out to colleagues in different countries of the world are usually spontaneous. This is dictated by the lack of incomes due to the economic situation.
The level of philatelic organization began to rise especially after the liberation of the country. In 1947, Philatelic Club formed in Shkodra, two years later, ie in 1949, rises in Korca district Philately, in 1959, in Tirana was formed the Association of Philatelists,such organizations were established later in Vlora, Puka etc.. The fruit of these organizations are the philatelic exhibitions opened in different cities of Albania. Starting from 1991 it started to exist the Association of Albanian Collectors ,which in 1994 was accepted as a member of FIP (International Philatelic Federation based in Zurich, Switzerland) and the FEPA's (European Federation of Philatelic Associations based in The Hague the Netherlands).The Association of Albanian Collectorshas its press bodies, the magazine "The collector", the first edition of of which was published in 1998 and continues to be published today.
The cooperation between the Federation and the Albanian Post is continuing not only in Tirana but also with associations in other districts, such as Fier, Shkodra and Korca to develop more and more the activity of philately , which reflects the Albanian postage stamps.